Pilates is an exercise system developed in the early 20th century by Joseph Pilates.  It puts emphasis on alignment, breathing, developing a strong core, and improving coordination and balance. It had early popularity with ballet dancers before becoming part of mainstream fitness programs. Pilates exercises allow for different exercises to be modified in a range of difficulty from beginner to advanced.  The term ‘Clinical Pilates’ has been used to describe those exercises and modifications to exercises that are used in the rehabilitation of injuries. The intensity and difficulty can be progressed over time as the body conditions and adapts to the exercises.

Fitballs (also known as Swissballs or gymballs) are similarly used to allow graded increase in difficulty of exercises, and are a convenient method of continuing with exercising at home.

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